Publications

2021

Chang, Heejun, Arun Pallathadka*, Jason Sauer*, Nancy Grimm, Rae Zimmerman, Chingwen Cheng, David Iwaniec, Yeowon Kim, Robert Lloyd, Timon McPhearson, Bernice Rosenzweig, Tiffany Troxler, Claire Welty, Ryan Brenner, and Pablo Herreros-Cantis. 2021. Assessment of urban flood vulnerability using the social-ecological-technological systems framework in six US cities. Sustainable Cities and Society. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2021.102786

Elmqvist, T, E. Andersson, T. McPhearson, X. Bai, L. Bettencourt, E. Brondizio, J. Colding, G. Daily C. Folke, N. Grimm, D. Haase, D. Ospina, S. Parnell, S. Polasky, K. C. Seto, and S. Van Der Leeuw. 2021. Urbanization in and for the Anthropocene. Nature Urban Sustainability 1:6. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42949-021-00018-w.

2020

Wheeler, M. M., S. L. Collins, N. B. Grimm, E. M. Cook, C. Clark, R. A. Sponseller, and S. J. Hall. 2020. Water and nitrogen shape winter annual plant diversity and community composition in near-urban Sonoran Desert preserves. Ecological Monographs: doi: 10.1002/ecm.1450.

Alberti, M., E. P. Palkovacs, S. Des Roches, L. De Meester, K. I. Brans, L. Govaert, N. B. Grimm, N. C. Harris, A. P. Hendry, C. J. Schell, M. Szulkin, J. Munshi-South, M. C. Urban, and B. C. Verrelli. 2020. The complexity of urban eco-evolutionary dynamics. BioScience 70:772-793.

Des Roches, S., K. I. Brans, M. R. Lambert, L. R. Rivkin, A. M. Savage, C. J. Schell, C. Correa, L. De Meester, S. E. Diamond, N. B. Grimm, N. C. Harris, A. P. Hendry, L. Govaert, M. T. J. Johnson, J. Munshi-South, E. P. Palkovacs, M. Szulkin, M. C. Urban, B. C. Verrelli, and M. Alberti. Socio-eco-evolutionary dynamics in cities. Evolutionary Adaptations. doi: 10.1111/eva.13065.

Grimm, N. B. 2020. Urban ecology: what is it and why do we need it? Chapter 1, pp 1-14 in Barbosa, P. (editor). Nature and challenges of urban ecology. CABI. https://doi.org/10.1079/9781789242607.

N. B. Grimm - 6 Guardaro*, M., M. Messerschmidt, D. Hondula, N. B. Grimm, and C. L. Redman. 2020. Building community heat action plans story by story: a three neighborhood case study. Cities 107: 102886. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2020.102886

Helmrich*, A. M., M. V. Chester, S. Hayes, S. A. Markolf*, C. Desha, N. B. Grimm. 2020. Using biomimicry to support resilient infrastructure design. Earth’s Future 8. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020EF001653

Hoover, D. L., B. Bestelmeyer, N. B. Grimm, T. E. Huxman, S. C. Reed, O. Sala, T. R. Seastedt, H. Wilmer, S. Ferrenberg. 2020. Traversing the wasteland: a framework for assessing ecological threats to drylands. BioScience: doi:10.1093/biosci/biz126.

Iwaniec, D. M., E. M. Cook, M. Davidson*, M. Berbés Blázquez*, M. Georgescu, E. S. Krayenhoff, A. Middel, D. A. Sampson, and N. B. Grimm. 2020. The co-production of sustainable future scenarios. Landscape and Urban Planning 103744. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2020.103744

Iwaniec, D. M., M. J. Davidson*, E. M. Cook, M. Berbés Blásquez*, and N. B. Grimm. 2020. Integrating existing climate adaptation planning into future visions: a strategic scenario for the central Arizona–Phoenix region. Landscape and Urban Planning 200: 103820. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2020.103820

Sampson, D. A., E. M. Cook, M. J. Davidson*, N. B. Grimm, and D. M. Iwaniec. 2020. Simulating alternative sustainable water futures. Sustainability Science, 2020. doi: 10.1007/s11625-020-00820-y

2019

Hoover, D.L., Bestelmeyer, B., Grimm, N.B., Huxman, T.E., Reed, S.C., Sala, O., Seastedt, T.R., Wilmer, H. and Ferrenberg, S. 2019. Traversing the Wasteland: A Framework for Assessing Ecological Threats to Drylands. BioScience.

Zimmerman, R., Grimm, N. B., & Brawley-Chesworth, A. 2019. 14 Planning Robust 21st Century US Urban Infrastructure. US Infrastructure: Challenges and Directions for the 21st Century.

Dong, X., Grimm, N. B., Heffernan, J. B., & Muneepeerakul, R. 2019. Interactions Between Physical Template and Self-organization Shape Plant Dynamics in a Stream Ecosystem. Ecosystems, 1-15.

Corman, J.R., Collins, S.L., Cook, E.M., Dong, X., Gherardi, L.A., Grimm, N.B., Hale, R.L., Lin, T., Ramos, J., Reichmann, L.G. and Sala, O.E. 2019. Foundations and Frontiers of Ecosystem Science: Legacy of a Classic Paper (Odum 1969). Ecosystems, 22(5), pp.1160-1172.

Grimm, N.B. and Schindler, S. 2019. Prospects for Conservation and Design of Urban Nature in Human Habitat. Rethinking Environmentalism: Linking Justice, Sustainability, and Diversity23, p.99.

Hondula, D.M., Sabo, J.L., Quay, R., Chester, M., Georgescu, M., Grimm, N.B., Harlan, S.L., Middel, A., Porter, S., Redman, C.L. and Rittmann, B. 2019. Cities of the Southwest are testbeds for urban resilience. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 17(2), pp.79-80.

McPhillips, L.E., Earl, S.R., Hale, R.L. and Grimm, N.B., 2019. Urbanization in arid central Arizona watersheds results in decreased stream flashiness. Water Resources Research.

Solecki, W., Grimm, N., Marcotullio, P., Boone, C., Lobo, J., Luque, A., Romero‐Lankao, P., Young, A., Zimmerman, R., Breitzer, R. and Griffith, C. 2019. Extreme events and climate adaptation‐mitigation linkages: Understanding low‐carbon transitions in the era of global urbanization. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change.

Iwaniec, D.M., Cook, E.M., Barbosa, O. and Grimm, N.B. 2019. The framing of urban sustainability transformations. Sustainability, 11(3), p.573.

2018

Cook, E.M., Sponseller, R.A., Grimm, N.B., Hall, S.J. 2018. Mixed method approach to assess atmospheric nitrogen deposition in arid and semi-arid ecosystems. Environmental Pollution, pp.617-630.

Hopkins, K.G., Grimm, N.B. and York, A.M. 2018. Influence of governance structure on green stormwater infrastructure investment. Environmental Science & Policy, 84, pp.124-133.

Creed, I.F., Bergström, A.K., Trick, C.G., Grimm, N.B., Hessen, D.O., Karlsson, J., Kidd, K.A., Kritzberg, E., McKnight, D.M., Freeman, E.C. and Senar, O.E. 2018. Global change?driven effects on dissolved organic matter composition: Implications for food webs of northern lakes. Global change biology.

McPhillips, L.E., Chang, H., Chester, M.V., Depietri, Y., Friedman, E., Grimm, N.B., Kominoski, J.S., McPhearson, T., Méndez?Lázaro, P., Rosi, E.J. and Shafiei Shiva, J., 2018. Defining extreme events: a cross?disciplinary review. Earth’s Future.

Bernhardt, E.S., Heffernan, J.B., Grimm, N.B., Stanley, E.H., Harvey, J.W., Arroita, M., Appling, A.P., Cohen, M.J., McDowell, W.H., Hall Jr, R.O. and Read, J.S., 2018. The metabolic regimes of flowing waters. Limnology and Oceanography, 63(S1), pp.S99-S118.

Tank, J.L., Marti, E., Riis, T., Schiller, D., Reisinger, A.J., Dodds, W.K., Whiles, M.R., Ashkenas, L.R., Bowden, W.B., Collins, S.M. and Crenshaw, C.L., Griffiths, N.A., Grimm N.B., Hamilton, S.K., Johnson, S.L., McDowell, W.H., Norman, B.M., Rosi, E.J., Simon, K.S., Thomas, and Webster, J.R. 2018. Partitioning assimilatory nitrogen uptake in streams: an analysis of stable isotope tracer additions across continents. Ecological Monographs, 88(1), pp.120-138.

2017

Krause, S., Lewandowski, J., Grimm, N.B., Hannah, D.M., Pinay, G., McDonald, K., Martí, E., Argerich, A., Pfister, L., Klaus, J. and Battin, T., 2017. Ecohydrological interfaces as hot spots of ecosystem processes. Water Resources Research, 53(8), pp.6359-6376.

Palta, M.M., Grimm, N.B. and Groffman, P.M., 2017. “Accidental” urban wetlands: ecosystem functions in unexpected places. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Dong, X., Ruhí, A. and Grimm, N.B., 2017. Evidence for self-organization in determining spatial patterns of stream nutrients, despite primacy of the geomorphic template. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, p.201617571.

McHale, M.R., Hall, S.J., Majumdar, A. and Grimm, N.B., 2017. Carbon lost and carbon gained: a study of vegetation and carbon trade?offs among diverse land uses in Phoenix, Arizona. Ecological Applications, 27(2), pp.644-661.

Bai, X., Brondizio, E., Bullard, R., Edwards, G.A., Grimm, N., Lora-Wainwright, A., Özkaynak, B. and Schindler, S., 2017. Urban Environments and Environmentalisms.

Grimm, N.B., Pickett, S.T., Hale, R.L. and Cadenasso, M.L., 2017. Does the ecological concept of disturbance have utility in urban social–ecological–technological systems?. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 3(1).

Groffman, P.M., Cadenasso, M.L., Cavender-Bares, J., Childers, D.L., Grimm, N.B., Grove, J.M., Hobbie, S.E., Hutyra, L.R., Jenerette, G.D., McPhearson, T. and Pataki, D.E., 2017. Moving towards a new urban systems science. Ecosystems, 20(1), pp.38-43.

Groffman, P.M., Cadenasso, M.L., Cavender-Bares, J., Childers, D.L., Grimm, N.B., Grove, J.M., Hobbie, S.E., Hutyra, L.R., Jenerette, G.D., McPhearson, T. and Pataki, D.E., 2017. Moving towards a new urban systems science. Ecosystems, 20(1), pp.38-43.

2016

Weathers, K.C., Groffman, P.M., Van Dolah, E., Bernhardt, E., Grimm, N.B., McMahon, K., Schimel, J., Paolisso, M., Maranger, R., Baer, S. and Brauman, K., 2016. Frontiers in ecosystem ecology from a community perspective: the future is boundless and bright. Ecosystems, 19(5), pp.753-770.

Van Der Pluijm, B., Brasseur, G., Norgaard, R., Grimm, N. and Ellis, M., 2016. Thank you to 2015 reviewers of Earth’s Future. Earth’s Future, 4(4), pp.92-93.

Grimm, N.B., Groffman, P., Staudinger, M. and Tallis, H., 2016. Climate change impacts on ecosystems and ecosystem services in the United States: process and prospects for sustained assessment. Climatic change, 135(1), pp.97-109.

McPhearson, T., Pickett, S.T., Grimm, N.B., Niemelä, J., Alberti, M., Elmqvist, T., Weber, C., Haase, D., Breuste, J. and Qureshi, S., 2016. Advancing urban ecology toward a science of cities. BioScience, 66(3), pp.198-212.

Dong, X., Grimm, N.B., Ogle, K. and Franklin, J., 2016. Temporal variability in hydrology modifies the influence of geomorphology on wetland distribution along a desert stream. Journal of Ecology, 104(1), pp.18-30.

2015

Grimm, N.B., Cook, E.M., Hale, R.L. and Iwaniec, D.M., 2015. Benefits and challenges of built, natural or hybrid system function. The Routledge Handbook of Urbanization and Global Environmental Change, p.203.

Hopkins, K.G., Morse, N.B., Bain, D.J., Bettez, N.D., Grimm, N.B., Morse, J.L. and Palta, M.M., 2015. Type and timing of stream flow changes in urbanizing watersheds in the Eastern US. Elem Sci Anth, 3.

Lin, T. and Grimm, N.B., 2015. Comparative study of urban ecology development in the US and China: Opportunity and Challenge. Urban Ecosystems, 18(2), pp.599-611.

Metson, G.S., Iwaniec, D.M., Baker, L.A., Bennett, E.M., Childers, D.L., Cordell, D., Grimm, N.B., Grove, J.M., Nidzgorski, D.A. and White, S., 2015. Urban phosphorus sustainability: Systemically incorporating social, ecological, and technological factors into phosphorus flow analysis. Environmental Science & Policy, 47, pp.1-11.

Hale, R.L., Grimm, N.B., Vörösmarty, C.J. and Fekete, B., 2015. Nitrogen and phosphorus fluxes from watersheds of the northeast US from 1930 to 2000: Role of anthropogenic nutrient inputs, infrastructure, and runoff. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(3), pp.341-356.

Hopkins, K.G., Morse, N.B., Bain, D.J., Bettez, N.D., Grimm, N.B., Morse, J.L., Palta, M.M., Shuster, W.D., Bratt, A.R. and Suchy, A.K., 2015. Assessment of regional variation in streamflow responses to urbanization and the persistence of physiography. Environmental science & technology, 49(5), pp.2724-2732.

Hale, R.L., Turnbull, L., Earl, S.R., Childers, D.L. and Grimm, N.B., 2015. Stormwater infrastructure controls runoff and dissolved material export from arid urban watersheds. Ecosystems, 18(1), pp.62-75.

Dong, X., N. Grimm, O. Kiona, J. Franklin. 2015. Temporal variability in hydrology modifies the influence of geomorphology on wetland distribution along a desert stream. Journal of Ecology103:4, 789-1098.

2014

Palta, M.M., J.E. Ehrenfeld, and P.M. Groffman. 2014. “Hotspots” and “hot moments” of denitrification in urban brownfield wetlands. Ecosystems. 17, 1121-1137.

Collins, S. L., J. Belnap, N. B. Grimm, J.A. Rudgers, C.N. Dahm, P. D’Odorico, M. Litvak, D.O. Natvig, D.C. Peters, W.T. Pockman, R.L. Sinsabaugh, B.O. Wolf. 2014.  A multi-scale, hierarchical model of pulse dynamics in aridland ecosystems. Annual Reviews of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics: in press.

Creed, I. F., A. T. Spargo, J. A. Jones, J. M. Buttle, M. B. Adams, F. D. Beall, E. Booth, J. Campbell, D. Clow, K. Elder, M. B. Green, N. B. Grimm, C. Miniat, P. Ramlal, A. Saha, S. Sebestyen, D. Spittlehouse, S. Sterling, M. W. Williams, R. Winkler, and H. Yao. 2014. Changing forest water yields in response to climate warming: results from long-term experimental watershed sites across North America. Global Change Biology: in press.

Hale, R. L., E. M. Cook, D. Iwaniec, and N. B. Grimm. 2014. Urbanization and altered biogeochemical cycles. Pages in Bai, X. E., T. Graedel, and A. Morishima, Editors. Cities in evolution: urbanization, environmental change, and sustainability. Cambridge University Press. In press.

Hale, R. L., L. Turnbull, S. Earl, N. B. Grimm, K. M. Riha, G. Michalski, K. Lohse, and D. L. Childers. 2014. Sources and transport of nitrogen in arid urban watersheds. Environmental Science and Technology: dx.doi.org/10.1021/es501039t.

Hutyra, Lucy R., Riley Duren, Kevin R. Gurney, Nancy Grimm, Eric Kort, Elisabeth Larson, Gyami Shrestha. 2014. Urbanization and the carbon cycle: Current capabilities and research outlook from the natural sciences perspective. Earth’s Future. DOI: 10.1002/2014EF000255.

LINX collaborators: W. K. Dodds, J. R. Webster, C. L. Crenshaw, A. M. Helton, J. M. O’Brien, E. Martí, A. E. Hershey, J. L. Tank, A. J. Burgin, N. B. Grimm, S. K. Hamilton, D. J. Sobota, G. C. Poole, J. J. Beaulieu, L. T. Johnson, L. R. Ashkenas, R. O. Hall, Jr., S. L. Johnson, W. M. Wollheim, W. B. Bowden. 2014. The Lotic Intersite Nitrogen Experiments: an example of successful ecological research collaboration. Freshwater Science 33:700–710.

Romero-Lankao, Patricia, Kevin Gurney, Karen Seto, Mikhail Chester, Riley M. Duren, Sara Hughes, Lucy R. Hutyra, Peter Marcotullio, Larry Baker, Nancy B. Grimm, Chris Kennedy, Elisabeth Larson, Stephanie Pincetl, Dan Runfola, Landy Sanchez, Gyami Shrestha, Andrea Sarzynski, Joshua Sperling, Eleanor Stokes. 2014. Towards a more integrated understanding of urbanization, urban areas and the carbon cycle. Earth’s Future: in press.

2013

Burt, T., G. Pinay, N. B. Grimm and T. Harms. 2013. Between the land and the river: river conservation and the riparian zone. In S. Sabater and A. Elosegi. River conservation. BBVA Foundation.

Grimm, N. B., C. L. Redman, C. G. Boone, D. L. Childers, S. L. Harlan, and B. L. Turner, II. 2013. Viewing the urban socio-ecological system through a sustainability lens: lessons and prospects from the Central Arizona–Phoenix LTER programme. Pages 217-246 in S. Singh, H. Haberl, M. Chertow, M. Mirtl, and M. Schmid, editors. Long term socio-ecological research: Studies in society-nature interactions across spatial and temporal scales. Human-Environment Interaction Series, Volume 2. Springer Netherlands.

Hale R. L., J. Hoover, W. Wollheim, C. J. Vörösmarty. 2013. History of nutrient inputs to the northeastern United States, 1930-2000. Global Biogeochemical Cycles27:578–591.

Larson, E. K., S. Earl, E. Hagen, R. Hale, H. Hartnett, M. McCrackin, M. McHale‡, and N. B. Grimm. 2013. Beyond restoration and into design: hydrologic alterations in aridland cities. Pages 183-210 in Resilience in ecology and urban design. S. T. A. Pickett, M. Cadenasso, and B. McGrath, eds. Future Cities Series, Springer.

Ribot, Miquel, Daniel von Schiller, Marc Peipoch, Francesc Sabater, Nancy B. Grimm, and Eugènia Martí. 2013. Influence of nitrate and ammonium availability on uptake kinetics of stream biofilms. Freshwater Science 32:1155-1167.

Ye, L., and N. B. Grimm. 2013. Modelling potential impacts of climate change on water and nitrate export from a mid-sized, semiarid watershed in the US Southwest. Climatic Change 120:419-431. doi 10.1007/s10584-013-0827-z.

Zhang, Chi, Jianguo Wu, Nancy B. Grimm, Melissa McHale, Alexander Buyantuyev. 2013. A hierarchical patch mosaic ecosystem model for urban landscapes: Model development and evaluation. Ecological Modelling 250:81-100.

2012

Bain D., R. L. Hale, W. Wollheim. 2012. Ecological and Biogeochemical Dynamics in Urban Settings- Lessons From Long-Term Ecological Research. Elements 8:435-438.

Boone, C. G., E. M. Cook, S. J. Hall, M. L. Nation, N. B. Grimm, C. Raish, D. Finch, and A. York. 2012. A comparative gradient approach as a tool for understanding and managing urban ecosystems. Urban Ecosystems 15:795–807, DOI 10.1007/s11252-012-0240-9.

Metson G., R. L. Hale, D. Iwaniec, E. M. Cook, J. Corman, C. Galletti, D. Childers. 2012. Phosphorus in Phoenix: a budget and spatial analysis of phosphorus in an urban ecosystem. Ecological Applications22(2):705-721. Harms, T. K., and N. B. Grimm. 2012. Responses of trace gases to hydrologic pulses in desert floodplains. Journal of Geophysical Research, Biogeosciences 117: doi 10.1029/2011JG001775.

Jones, J. A., I. F. Creed, K. L. Hatcher, R. J. Warren, M. B. Adams, M. H. Benson, E. Boose, W. A. Brown, J. L. Campbell, A. Covich, D. W. Clow, C. N. Dahm, K. Elder, C. R. Ford, N. B. Grimm, D. L. Henshaw, K. L. Larson, E. S. Miles, K. M. Miles, S. D. Sebestyen, A. T. Spargo, A. B. Stone, J. M. Vose, and M. W. Williams. 2012. Ecosystem processes and human influences regulate streamflow response to climate change at long-term ecological research sites. BioScience 62:390-404.

Larson, E. K., and N. B. Grimm. 2012. Small-scale and extensive hydrogeomorphic modification and water redistribution in a desert city and implications for regional nitrogen removal. Urban Ecosystems 15:71-85.

Sponseller, R. A., S. J. Hall, D. P. Huber, N. B. Grimm, J. P. Kaye, C. M. Clark, and S. L. Collins. 2012. Variation in monsoon precipitation drives spatial and temporal patterns of Larrea tridentata growth in the Sonoran Desert. Functional Ecology 26:750-758.

Staudinger, Michelle D., Nancy B. Grimm, Amanda Staudt, Shawn L. Carter, F. Stuart Chapin III, Peter Kareiva, Mary Ruckelshaus, Bruce A. Stein. 2012. Impacts of climate change on biodiversity, ecosystems, and ecosystem services: technical input to the 2013 National Climate Assessment. Cooperative Report to the 2013 National Climate Assessment. 296 pp. Available at: http://assessment.globalchange.gov

Jones, J. A., I. F. Creed, K. L. Hatcher, R. J. Warren, M. B. Adams, M. H. Benson, E. Boose, W. A. Brown, J. L. Campbell, A. Covich, D. W. Clow, C. N. Dahm, K. Elder, C. R. Ford, N. B. Grimm, D. L. Henshaw, K. L. Larson, E. S. Miles, K. M. Miles, S. D. Sebestyen, A. T. Spargo, A. B. Stone, J. M. Vose, and M. W. Williams. 2012. Ecosystem processes and human influences regulate streamflow response to climate change at long-term ecological research sites. BioScience 62:390-404.

2011

Collins, S.L., S.R. Carpenter, S.M. Swinton, D. Ornstein, D.L. Childers, T.L. Gragson, N. B. Grimm, J.M. Grove, S.L. Harlan, J.P. Kaye, A.K. Knapp, G.P. Kofinas, J.J. Magnuson, W.H. McDowell, J.M. Melack, L.A. Ogden, G.P. Robertson, M.D. Smith, and A.C. Whitmer. 2011. An integrated conceptual framework for long-term social-ecological research. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9:351-357.

Edmonds, J. W., and N. B. Grimm. 2011. Abiotic and biotic controls of organic matter cycling in a managed stream. Journal of Geophysical Research, Biogeosciences 116. DOI: 10.1029/2010JG001429.

Findlay, S.E.G., P.J.  Mulholland, J.L. Tank, M.J. Bernot, A.J. Burgin, C.L. Crenshaw, C.N Dahm, W.K. Dodds, N.B. Grimm, W.H. McDowell, J. Potter, D. Sobota, S. Hamilton. 2011. Cross-stream comparison of substrate-specific denitrification potential. Biogeochemistry 104:381-392.

Grimm, N. B., R. L. Hale, E. M. Cook, and D. Iwaniec. 2011. Urban biogeochemical flux analysis. Pages 503-520 in I. Douglas, D. Goode, M. Houck, and R. Wang, editors. An encyclopaedia of urban ecology. London: Taylor and Francis.

Hall, S.J., R.A. Sponseller‡, N. B. Grimm, D. Huber, J.P. Kaye, C.M. Clark, and S.L. Collins. 2011. Ecosystem response to nutrient enrichment in the Sonoran Desert. Ecological Applications 21:640-660.

Kaye, J. P., S. E. Eckert, D. A. Gonzales, J. O. Allen, S. J. Hall, R. A. Sponseller‡, and N. B. Grimm. 2011. Decomposition of urban atmospheric carbon in Sonoran Desert soils. Urban Ecosystems. Published online April 2011, doi:10.1007/s11252-011-0173-8.

Martin*, R. A., T. K. Harms, and N. B. Grimm. 2011. Chronic N loading reduces N retention across varying base flows in a desert river. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 30:559-572.

McDonald, R. I., I. Douglas, C. Revenga, R. Hale, N. Grimm, J. Grönwall, and B. Fekete. 2011. Global urban growth and the geography of water availability, quality, and delivery. Ambio 40:437-446.

Roach, W. J., and N. B. Grimm. 2011. Denitrification mitigates N flux through the stream–floodplain complex of a desert city. Ecological Applications 21: 2618-2636.

2010

Beaulieu, J.J., J.L. Tank, S.K. Hamilton, W.M. Wollheim, R.O. Hall Jr., P.J. Mulholland, B.J. Peterson, L.R. Ashkenas, L.W. Cooper, C.N. Dahm, W.K. Dodds, N.B. Grimm, S.L. Johnson, W.H. McDowell, G.C. Poole, H.M. Valett, C.P. Arango, M. J. Bernot, A.J. Burgin, C.L. Crenshaw, A.M. Helton, L. Johnson, J.M. O’Brien, J.D. Potter, R.W. Sheibley III, D.J. Sobota, and S.M. Thomas. 2010. Nitrous oxide emission from denitrification in stream and river networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1011464108.

Bernot, M.J, D.J. Sobota, R.O. Hall, Jr., P.J. Mulholland, W.K. Dodds, J.R. Webster, J.L. Tank, L.R. Ashkenas, L.W. Cooper, C.N. Dahm, S.V. Gregory, N.B. Grimm, S.K. Hamilton, S.L. Johnson, W.H. McDowell, J.L. Meyer, B. Peterson, G.C. Poole, H.M. Valett, C. Arango, J.J. Beaulieu, A.J. Burgin, C. Crenshaw, A.M. Helton, L. Johnson, J. Merriam, B.R. Niederlehner, J.M. O’Brien, J.D. Potter, R. W. Sheibley, S.M. Thomas, and K. Wilson. 2010. Inter-regional comparison of land-use effects on stream metabolism. Freshwater Biology 55:1874-1890.

Collins, K. A., T. J. Lawrence, E. K. Stander, R. J. Jontos, S. S. Kaushal, T. A. Newcomer, N. B. Grimm, and M. C. Ekberg. 2010. Opportunities and challenges for managing nitrogen in urban storm water: a review and synthesis. Ecological Engineering 36:1507-1519.

Crenshaw, C.L., N.B. Grimm, L.H. Zeglin, R.W. Sheibley, C.N. Dahm, and A.D. Pershall. 2010. Nitrogen dynamics in hyporheic zones of reference and human-altered streams. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 176:391-405.

Harms, T. K., and N. B. Grimm. 2010. Influence of the hydrologic regime on resource availability in a semi-arid stream-riparian corridor. Ecohydrology, DOI: 10.1002/eco.119.

Sponseller, R.A., N.B. Grimm, A.J. Boulton, and J.L. Sabo. 2010. Responses of community structure to long-term variability of flooding and drought regimes in the desert Southwest. Global Change Biology 16:2891- 2900, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02200.x

2009

Lewis, D. B., T. K. Harms, J. D. Schade, and N. B. Grimm. 2009. Biogeochemical function and heterogeneity in arid-region riparian zones. Pages 323-341 in J. Stromberg and B. Tellman, editors. Ecology and conservation of the San Pedro River. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Walker, J. S., N. B. Grimm, J. M. Briggs, C. Gries, and L. Dugan. 2009. Effects of urbanization on plant species diversity in central Arizona. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. doi: 10.1890/080084. 

Roach, W.J., and N.B. Grimm. 2009. Nutrient variation in an urban lake chain and its consequences for phytoplankton production. Journal of Environmental Quality 38:1429-1440.

Mulholland, P.J., R.O. Hall, Jr., D.J. Sobota, W.K. Dodds, S.E.G. Findlay, N.B. Grimm, S.K. Hamilton, W.H. McDowell, J.M. O’Brien, J.L. Tank, L. R. Ashkenas, L.W. Cooper, C.N. Dahm, S.V. Gregory, S.L. Johnson, J.L. Meyer, B.J. Peterson, G.C. Poole, H.M. Valett, J.R. Webster, C. Arango, J.J. Beaulieu, M.J. Bernot, A.J. Burgin, C. Crenshaw, A.M. Helton, L. Johnson, B.R. Niederlehner, J.D. Potter, R.W. Sheibley, and S.M. Thomas. 2009. Nitrate removal in stream ecosystems measured by 15N addition experiments: denitrification. Limnology and Oceanography 54:666-680.

Harms, T. K., E. E. Wentz, and N. B. Grimm. 2009. Spatial heterogeneity of denitrification in semi-arid floodplains. Ecosystems 12:129-143.

Hall, S. J., B. Ahmed, P. Ortiz, R. Davies, R. Sponseller, and N.B. Grimm. 2009. Urbanization alters soil microbial functioning in the Sonoran Desert. Ecosystems 12:654-671.

Hall, R.O., Jr., J.L. Tank, D.J. Sobota, P.J. Mulholland, J.M. O’Brien, W.K. Dodds, J.R. Webster, H.M. Valett, G.C. Poole, B.J. Peterson, J.L. Meyer, W.H. McDowell, S.L. Johnson, S.K. Hamilton, N.B. Grimm, V. Gregory, C.N. Dahm, L.W. Cooper, L. R. Ashkenas, S.M. Thomas, R.W. Sheibley, J.D. Potter, B.R. Niederlehner, L. Johnson, A.M. Helton, C. Crenshaw, A.J. Burgin, M.J. Bernot, J.J. Beaulieu, and C. Arango. 2009. Nitrate removal in stream ecosystems measured by 15N addition experiments: total uptake. Limnology and Oceanography 54: 653-665.

Haggerty, R., E. Martí, A. Argerich, D. von Schiller, and N. B. Grimm. 2009. Resazurin as a “smart” tracer for quantifying metabolically active transient storage in stream ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research 114: G03014, doi:10.1029/2008JG000942.

2008

Shen, W., J. Wu, N.B. Grimm, J.F. Reynolds, and D. Hope. 2008. Effects of urbanization-induced environmental changes on desert ecosystem functioning. Ecosystems 11:138-155.

Roach, W.J., J.B. Heffernan, N.B. Grimm, J.R. Arrowsmith, C. Eisinger and T. Rychener. 2008. Unintended consequences of urbanization for aquatic ecosystems: a case study from the Arizona desert. BioScience 58:715-727. doi:10.1641/B580808

Peters, D.P.C., P.M. Groffman, K.J. Nadelhoffer, N.B. Grimm, S.L. Collins, W.K. Michener, and M. A. Huston. 2008. Living in an increasingly connected world: a framework for continental-scale environmental science. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6:229-237.

Mulholland, P.J., A.M. Helton, G.C. Poole, R.O. Hall, Jr., S.K. Hamilton, B.J. Peterson, J.L. Tank, L. R. Ashkenas, L.W. Cooper, C.N. Dahm, W.K. Dodds, S. Findlay, S.V. Gregory, N.B. Grimm, S.L. Johnson, W.H. McDowell, J.L. Meyer, H.M. Valett, J.R. Webster, C. Arango, J.J. Beaulieu, M.J. Bernot, A.J. Burgin, C. Crenshaw, L. Johnson, B.R. Niederlehner, J.M. O’Brien, J.D. Potter, R.W. Sheibley, D.J. Sobota, and S.M. Thomas. 2008. Stream denitrification across biomes and its response to anthropogenic nitrate loading. Nature 452:202-205.

McCrackin, M.L., T.K. Harms, N.B. Grimm, S. J. Hall, and J. P. Kaye. 2008. Responses of microbes to resource availability in urban, desert soils. Biogeochemistry 87:143-155.

Majumdar, A., J. P. Kaye, C. Gries, D. Hope, and N. B. Grimm. 2008. Hierarchical spatial modeling and prediction of multiple soil nutrients and carbon concentrations. Communications in Statistics – Simulation and Computation 37: 434-453. doi: 10.1080/03610910701792588.

Lohse, K.A., D. Hope, R.A. Sponseller, J.O. Allen, and N.B. Grimm. 2008. Atmospheric deposition of carbon and nutrients across an arid metropolitan area. Science of the Total Environment 402:95-105.

Kaye, J.P., A. Majumdar, C. Gries, A. Buyantuyev, N.B. Grimm, D. Hope, G.D. Jenerette, W. Zhu, and L. Baker. 2008. Hierarchical Bayesian scaling of soil properties across urban, agricultural, and desert ecosystems. Ecological Applications 18:132-145.

Hall, S.J., D. Huber, and N.B. Grimm. 2008. Soil N2O and NO emissions from an arid, urban ecosystem. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 113: doi:10.1029/2007JG000523.

Harms, T. K., and N. B. Grimm. 2008. Hot spots and hot moments of carbon and nitrogen dynamics in a semi-arid riparian zone. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 113: G01020, doi:10.1029/2007JG000588.

Grimm, N.B., D. Foster, P. Groffman, J.M. Grove, C. S. Hopkinson, K. Nadelhoffer, D. Peters, and D.E. Pataki. 2008. The changing landscape: ecosystem responses to urbanization and pollution across climatic and societal gradients. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6:264-272.

Grimm, N.B., S. H. Faeth, N. E. Golubiewski, C. R. Redman, J. Wu, X. Bai, and J. M. Briggs. 2008. Global change and the ecology of cities. Science 319:756-760.

2007

Meixner, T., A. K. Huth, P. D. Brooks, M. H. Conklin, N. B. Grimm, R. C. Bales, P. A. Haas, and J. R. Petti. 2007. Influence of shifting flow paths on nitrogen concentrations during monsoon floods, San Pedro River, Arizona. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 112, G03S03, doi:10.1029/2006JG000266.

Li, K., P. Zhang, J. C. Crittenden, S. Guhathakurta, Y. Chen, H. Fernando, A. Sawhney, P. McCartney, N. Grimm, R. Kahhat, H. Joshi, G. Konjevod, Y. J. Choi, E. Fonseca, B. Allenby, D. Gerrity, and P. M. Torrens. 2007. Development of a framework for quantifying the environmental impacts of urban development and construction practices. Environmental Science and Technology 41:5130-5136.

Lewis, D.B., N.B. Grimm, T.K. Harms, and J.D. Schade. 2007. Subsystems, flowpaths, and the spatial variability of nitrogen in a fluvial ecosystem. Landscape Ecology 22: 911-924.

Lewis, D.B., and N.B. Grimm. 2007. Hierarchical regulation of N export from urban catchments: interactions of storms and landscapes. Ecological Applications 17: 2347-2364.

Jacobs, S.M., J.S. Bechtold, H.C. Biggs, N.B. Grimm, S. Lorentz, M.E. McClain, R.J. Naiman, S.S. Perakis, G. Pinay, M.C. Scholes. 2007. Nutrient vectors and riparian processing: a review with special reference to African semiarid savanna ecosystems. Ecosystems 10:1231-1249.

Dent, C. L., N. B. Grimm, E. Martí, J. W. Edmonds, J. C. Henry, and J. R. Welter. 2007. Variability in surface-subsurface hydrologic interactions and implications for nutrient retention in an arid-land stream. Journal of Geophysical Research 112, G04004, doi:10.1029/2007JG000467.

2006

Zhu, W., D. Hope, C. Gries, N.B. Grimm. 2006. Soil Characteristics and the Accumulation of Inorganic Nitrogen in an Arid Urban Ecosystem. Ecosystems 9: 711-724.

Lewis, D.B., J.D. Schade, A.K. Huth, and N.B. Grimm. 2006. The spatial structure of variability in a semi-arid, fluvial ecosystem. Ecosystems 9:386-397.

Kaye, J.P., P. M. Groffman, N.B. Grimm, L.A. Baker, and R. Pouyat. 2006. A distinct urban biogeochemistry? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21:192-199.

Grimm, N.B., C.V. Baxter, C.L. Crenshaw. 2006. Surface-Subsurface Interactions in Streams. Methods In Stream Ecology (Chapter 33): 761-782.

Jenerette, G.D., J. Wu, N.B. Grimm, and D. Hope. 2006. Points, patches and regions: Scaling soil biogeochemical patterns in an urbanized arid ecosystem. Global Change Biology 12:1532-1544.

Hope, D., C. Gries, D. Casagrande, C.L. Redman, N.B. Grimm, and C. Martin. 2006. Drivers of spatial variation in plant diversity across the Central Arizona-Phoenix ecosystem. Society and Natural Resources 19(2):101-116.

2005

Belnap, J., J.R. Welter, N.B. Grimm, N. Barger, J.A. Ludwig. 2005. Linkages between microbial and hydrologic processes in arid and semiarid watersheds. Ecology 86: 298-307.

Schade, J.D., J.R. Welter, E. Marti, N.B. Grimm. 2005. Hydrologic exchange and N uptake by riparian vegetation in an arid-land stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24: 19-28.

Shen, W., J. Wu, P.R. Kemp, J.F. Reynolds, N.B. Grimm. 2005. Simulating the dynamics of primary productivity of a Sonoran ecosystem: Model parameterization and validation. Ecological Modelling 189: 1-24.

Welter, J.R., S.G. Fisher, N.B. Grimm. 2005. Nitrogen transport and retention in an arid land watershed: influence of storm characteristics on terrestrial-aquatic linkages. Biogeochemistry 76: 421-440.

Grimm, N.B., R.W. Sheibley, C.L. Crenshaw, C.N. Dahm, W.J. Roach, L.H. Zeglin. 2005. N retention and transformation in urban streams. . Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24: 626-642.

Hope, D., W. Zhu, C. Gries, J. Oleson, J. Kaye, N.B. Grimm, L.A. Baker. 2005. Spatial variation in soil inorganic nitrogen across an arid urban ecosystem. Urban Ecosystems 8: 251-273.

Larson, E.K., N.B. Grimm, P. Gober, and C.L. Redman. 2005. The paradoxical ecology and management of water in the Phoenix, USA metropolitan area. Journal of Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology 5:287-296. (appeared in 2006 with pub date of 2005)

2004

Hope, D., M.W. Naegeli, A.H. Chan, and N.B. Grimm. 2004. Nutrients on asphalt parking surfaces in an arid urban environment. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 4: 371-390.

Zhu, W., N.D. Dillard, N.B. Grimm. 2004. Urban nitrogen biogeochemistry: status and processes in green retention basins. Biogeochemistry 71: 177-196

Grimm, N.B., J.R. Arrowsmith, C. Eisinger, J. Heffernan, A. MacLeod, D.B. Lewis, L. Prashad, T. Rychener, W.J. Roach, R.W. Sheibley. 2004. Effects of Urbanization on Nutrient Biogeochemistry of Aridland Streams. Ecosystems and Land Use Change: Geophysical Monograph Series 153.

Dodds, W.K., E. Martí, J.L. Tank, J. Pontius, S.K. Hamilton, N.B. Grimm, W.B. Bowden, W.H. McDowell, B.J. Peterson, H.M. Valett, J.R. Webster, S. Gregory. 2004. Carbon and nitrogen stoichiometry and nitrogen cycling rates in streams. Oecologia 140: 458-467.

Grimm, N.B., C.L. Redman. 2004. Approaches to the study of urban ecosystems: The Case of Central Arizona – Phoenix. Urban Ecosystems 7: 199-213.

2003

Hobbie, J.E., S.R. Carpenter, N.B. Grimm, J.R. Gosz, and T.R. Seastedt. 2003. The US Long Term Ecological Research Program. BioScience 53:21-32.

Sanzone, D.M., J.L. Meyer, E.P. Gardiner, E. Martí, J.L. Tank, and N.B. Grimm. 2003. Carbon and nitrogen transfer from a desert stream to riparian predators. Oecologia:134:238-250.

McClain, M.E., E.W. Boyer, C.L. Dent, S.E. Gergel, N.B. Grimm, P.M. Groffman, S.C Hart, J.W Harvey, C.A. Johnston, E. Mayorga, W.H. McDowell, G. Pinay. 2003. Biogeochemical hot spots and hot moments at the interface of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecosystems 6:301-312.

Webster, J.R., P.J. Mulholland, J.L. Tank, H.M. Valett, W.K. Dodds, B.J. Peterson, W.B. Bowden, C.N. Dahm, S. Findlay, S.V. Gregory, N.B. Grimm, S.K. Hamilton, S.L. Johnson, E. Martí, W.H. McDowell, J.L. Meyer, D.D. Morrall, S.A. Thomas, and W.M. Wollheim. 2003. Factors affecting nitrogen retention in streams – an inter-biome perspective. Freshwater Biology 48:1329-1352.

Hope, D., C. Gries, W. Zhu, W. F. Fagan, C. L. Redman, N. B. Grimm, A. Nelson, C. Martin, and A. Kinzig. 2003. Socio-economics drive urban plant diversity. Proceeedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100:8788-8792.

Grimm, N.B., S. E. Gergel, W.H. McDowell, E.W. Boyer, C.L. Dent, P.M. Groffman, S.C. Hart, J.W. Harvey, C.A. Johnston, E. Mayorga, M. McClain, and G. Pinay. 2003. Merging aquatic and terrestrial perspectives of nutrient biogeochemistry. Oecologia 442:485-501.

Fink, J., F. Steiner, N.B. Grimm, and C.L. Redman. 2002. Greater Phoenix 2100:building a national urban environmental research agenda. In G. Heiken and R. Fakundiny, editors. Geosciences in the cities. American Geophysical Union Monograph.

2002

Schade, J.D., E. Martí, J.R. Welter, S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 2002. Sources of N to the riparian zone of a desert stream: implications for riparian vegetation and N retention. Ecosystems:5: 68-79.

Grimm, N.B., L.J. Baker, and D. Hope. 2002. An ecosystem approach to understanding cities: familiar foundations and uncharted frontiers. In A.R. Berkowitz, C.H. Nilon, and K.S. Hollweg, editors. Understanding urban ecosystems: a new frontier for science and education. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York.

Mulholland, P.J., J. L. Tank, J. R. Webster, W. B. Bowden, W. K. Dodds, S. V. Gregory, N. B. Grimm, S. K. Hamilton S. L. Johnson, E. Mart, W. H. McDowell, J. Merriam, J. L. Meyer, B. J. Peterson, H. M. Valett, and W. M. Wollheim. 2002. Can Uptake Length in Streams be Determined by Nutrient Addition Experiments? Results from an inter-biome comparison study. Journal of the North American Benthological Society:21:544-560.

Dodds, W.K, A.J. López, W.B. Bowden, S. Gregory, N.B. Grimm, S.K. Hamilton, A.E. Hershey, W.H. McDowell, J.L. Meyer, D. Morrall, P.J. Mulholland, B.J. Peterson, J.L. Tank, H.M. Valett, J.R. Webster, and W. Wollheim. 2002. Nitrogen uptake as a function of concentration in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21:206-220

Vitousek, P.M., K. Cassman, C. Cleveland, T. Crews, C.B. Field, N.B. Grimm, R.W. Howarth, R. Marino, L. Martinelli, E.B. Rastetter, and J.I. Sprent. 2002. Towards an ecological understanding of biological nitrogen fixation. Biogeochemistry: 57:1-45.

2001

Mulholland, P. J., C.S. Fellows, J.L. Tank, N. B. Grimm, J.R. Webster, S.K. Hamilton, E. Martí, L. Ashkenas, W. B. Bowden, W. K. Dodds, W. H. McDowell, J. L. Meyer, and B. J. Peterson. 2001. Inter-biome comparison of factors controlling stream metabolism. Freshwater Biology 46:1503-1517.

Dent, C.L., N.B. Grimm, and S.G. Fisher. 2001. Multi-scale effects of surface-subsurface exchange on stream water nutrient concentrations. J. No. Amer. Benthol. Soc.: 20(2):162-181

Schade, J.D., S.G. Fisher, N.B. Grimm, and J.A. Seddon. 2001. The influence of a riparian shrub on nitrogen cycling in a Sonoran Desert stream. Ecology 82:3363-3376.

Luck, M.A., G.D. Jenerette, J. Wu, and N.B. Grimm. 2001. The urban funnel model and spatially heterogeneous ecological footprint. Ecosystems 4:782-796.

2000

Martí, E., S.G. Fisher, J.D. Schade, and N.B. Grimm. 2000. Flood frequency and stream – riparian linkages in arid lands. Pages 111-136 in J.B. Jones, Jr., and P.J. Mulholland, editors. Streams and ground waters. Academic Press, San Diego, USA.

Martí, E., S.G. Fisher, J.J. Schade, J.R. Welter, and N.B. Grimm. 2000. Hydrological and chemical linkages between streams and their riparian zones: an intermediate disturbance model. Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandt Limnologie, Verhandlungen 27:442-447.

Dent, C.L., J. D. Schade, N.B. Grimm, and S.G. Fisher. 2000. Subsurface influences on surface biology. Pages 381-402 in J.B. Jones, Jr., and P.J. Mulholland, editors. Streams and ground waters. Academic Press, San Diego, USA.

Collins, J., A. Kinzig, N.B. Grimm, W. Fagan, J. Wu, and E. Borer. 2000. A new urban ecology. American Scientist 88:416-425.

Grimm, N.B. J.M. Grove, C.L. Redman, and S.T.A. Pickett. 2000. Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. BioScience 50:571-584.

1999

Dent, C.L., and N.B. Grimm. 1999. Spatial heterogeneity in stream water nutrient concentrations over successional time. Ecology: 80:2283-2298.

Forrester, G.E., T.L. Dudley, and N.B. Grimm. 1999. Trophic interactions in open systems: Effect of predators and nutrients on stream food chains. Limnology and Oceanography 44:1187-1197.

Dent, C.L., and J.C. Henry. 1999. Modelling nutrient-periphyton dynamics in streams with surface-subsurface exchange. Ecological Modelling 122:97-116.

Prior years

1998

Dahm, C.N., N.B. Grimm, P. Marmonier, H.M. Valett, and P. Vervier. 1998. Nutrient dynamics at the interface between surface waters and ground waters. Freshwater Biology: 40: 427-451.

Holmes, R.M., S.G. Fisher, N.B. Grimm, and B.J. Harper. 1998. The impact of flash floods on microbial distribution and biogeochemisty in the parafluvial zone of a desert stream. Freshwater Biology 40: 651-654.

Fisher, S.G., N.B. Grimm, E. Martí, and R. Gómez. 1998. Hierarchy, spatial configuration, and nutrient cycling in streams. Australian Journal of Ecology 23:41-52.

Fisher, S.G., N.B. Grimm, E. Martí., J.B. Jones, Jr., and R.M. Holmes. 1998. Material spiraling in river corridors: a telescoping ecosystem model. Ecosystems 1: 19-34.

1997

Jones, J.B., Jr., J.D. Schade, S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1997. Organic matter dynamics in Sycamore Creek, a desert stream in Arizona, USA. Pages 78-81 in J.R. Webster and J.L. Meyer, editors. Stream organic matter budgets. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16:3-161.

Grimm, N.B., A. Chacón, C.N. Dahm, O.T. Lind, P.L. Starkweather, and W.W. Wurtsbaugh. 1997. Sensitivity of aquatic ecosystems to climatic and anthropogenic changes: the Basin and Range, American Southwest, and Mexico. Hydrological Processes 11:1023-1041.

Grimm, N.B., and K.C. Petrone. 1997. Nitrogen fixation in a desert stream ecosystem. Biogeochemistry 37:33-61.

Stanley, E.H., S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1997. Ecosystem expansion and contraction in streams. BioScience 47:427-435.

Fisher, S.G. 1997. Creativity, idea generation, and the functional morphology of streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16: 305-318.

Schade, J.D., and S.G. Fisher. 1997. Leaf litter in a Sonoran Desert stream ecosystem. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16:612-626.

Martí, E., N.B. Grimm, and S.G. Fisher. 1997. Pre- and post-flood nutrient retention efficiency in a desert stream ecosystem. Journal of the North American Benthological Society:16: 805-819.

Grimm, N.B., S.G. Fisher, S.V. Gregory, G.R. Marzolf, D.M. McKnight, F.J. Triska, and H.M. Valett. 1997. Sustainability of western watersheds: nutrients and productivity. Pages 33-45 in W.L. Minckley, editor. Aquatic ecosystems sysmposium. Report to Western Water Policy Review Advisory Commission. National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA.

1996

Fisher, S.G. 1996. Natural disturbance and recovery of desert streams: a challenge to wetland management. in C. Montes and G. Oliver, editors. Bases ecológicas para la restauración de humedales en la cuenca mediterranea. Agencia de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Andalucia, Sevilla.

Fisher, S.G., and N.B. Grimm. 1996. Ecological effects of global climate change on freshwater ecosystems with emphasis on streams and rivers. Pages 30.1-30.31 in Mays, L.W., editor. Handbook of water resources. McGraw-Hill.

Grimm, N.B. 1996. Surface-subsurface interactions in streams. Pages 625-646 in F.R. Hauer and G.A. Lamberti, editors. Methods in stream ecology. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.

Jones, J.B., Jr., S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1996. A long-term perspective of dissolved organic carbon transport in Sycamore Creek, Arizona, USA. Hydrobiologia 317:183-188.

Holmes, R.M., J.B. Jones, Jr., S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1996. Denitrification in a nitrogen-limited stream ecosystem. Biogeochemistry 33:125-146.

Peterson, C.G. 1996. Mechanims of lotic microalgal colonization following space-clearing disturbances acting at different spatial scales. Oikos 77:417-435.

1995

Fisher, S.G. 1995. Stream ecosystems of the western United States. Pages 61-87 in C.E. Cushing, K.W. Cummins, and G.W. Minshall, editors. River and stream ecosystems. Ecosystems of the world 22. Elsevier Press, New York.

Grimm, N.B. 1995. Why link species and ecosystems? A perspective from ecosystem ecology. Pages 5-15 + lit. cited in Jones, C.G. and Lawton, J.H., editors. Linking species and ecosystems. Chapman and Hall, Inc., New York.

Jones, J.B., Jr., S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1995. Vertical hydrologic exchange and ecosystem metabolism in a Sonoran Desert stream. Ecology 76:942-952.

Boulton, A.J., and E.H. Stanley. 1995. Hyporheic processes during flooding and drying in a Sonoran Desert stream. II. Faunal dynamics. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 134:27-52.

Stanley, E.H. and A.J. Boulton. 1995. Hyporheic processes during flooding and drying in a Sonoran Desert stream. I. Hydrologic and chemical dynamics. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 134:1-26.

Jones, J.B., Jr., S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1995. Nitrification in the hyporheic zone of a desert stream ecosystem. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 14:249-258.

Jones, J.B., Jr., R.M. Holmes, S.G. Fisher, N.B. Grimm, and D.M. Greene. 1995. Methanogenesis in Arizona, USA dryland streams. Biogeochemistry 31:155-173.

Jones, J.B., Jr. 1995. Factors controlling hyporheic respiration in a desert stream. Freshwater Biology 34:91-99.

Clinton, S.M., N.B. Grimm, and S.G. Fisher. 1996. Response of a desert stream hyporheic invertebrate community to drying disturbance. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 15:700-712.

1994

Grimm, N.B. 1994. Disturbance, succession, and ecosystem processes in streams: a case study from the desert. Pages 93-112 in P.S. Giller, A.G. Hildrew, and D.G. Raffaeli, editors. Aquatic ecology: scale, pattern and process. Joint Symposium of the British Ecological Society and the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, England.

Valett, H.M., S.G. Fisher, N.B. Grimm, and P. Camill. 1994. Vertical hydrologic exchange and ecological stability of a desert stream ecosystem. Ecology 75:548-560.

Dudley, T.L., and N.B. Grimm. 1994. Modification of macrophyte resistance to disturbance by an exotic grass, and implications for desert stream succession. Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandt Limnologie, Verhandlungen 25:1456-1460.

Fisher, S.G. 1994. Scale, pattern, and process in freshwater ecosystems: some unifying thoughts. Pages 575-591 in P.S. Giller, A.G. Hildrew, and D.G. Raffaeli, editors. Aquatic ecology: scale, pattern and process. Joint Symposium of the British Ecological Society and the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, England.

Stanley, E.H., D.L. Buschman, A.J. Boulton, N.B. Grimm, and S.G. Fisher. 1994. Invertebrate resistance and resilience to intermittency in a desert stream. American Midland Naturalist 131:288-300.

Peterson, C.G., A.C. Weibel, N.B. Grimm, and S.G. Fisher. 1994. Mechanisms of benthic algal recovery following spates: comparison of simulated and natural events. Oecologia 98:280-290.

Danielopol, D.L., P. Marmonier, A.J. Boulton, and G. Bonaduce. 1994. World subterranean ostracod biogeography: dispersal or vicariance. Hydrobiologia 28:119-129.

Holmes, R.M., S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1994. Nitrogen dynamics along parafluvial flowpaths: importance to the stream ecosystem. Pages 47-56 in J.A. Stanford and H.M. Valett, editors. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Groundwater Ecology. American Water Resources Association, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.

Holmes, R.M., S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1994. Parafluvial nitrogen dynamics in a desert stream ecosystem. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 13: 468-478.

Jones, J.B., Jr., R.M. Holmes, S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1994. Chemoautotrophic production and respiration in the hyporheic zone of a Sonoran Desert stream. Pages 329-338 in J.A. Stanford and H.M. Valett, editors. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Groundwater Ecology. American Water Resources Association, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.

1993

Valett, H.M. 1993. Surface-hyporheic interactions in a Sonoran Desert stream: hydrologic exchange and diel periodicity. Hydrobiologia 259:133-144.

Stanley, E.H. and A.J. Boulton. 1993. Hydrology and the distribution of hyporheos: perspectives from mesic rivers and desert streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 12:79-83.

Grimm, N.B. 1993. Implications of climate change for stream communities. Pages 293-314 + lit cited in P. Kareiva, J. Kingsolver, and R. Huey, editors. Biotic interactions and global change. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

Valett, H.M., C.C. Hakenkamp, and A.J. Boulton. 1993. Perspectives on the hyporheic zone: integrating hydrology and biology. Introduction. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 12:40-43.

Hakenkamp, C.C., H.M. Valett, and A.J. Boulton. 1993. Perspectives on the hyporheic zone: integrating hydrology and biology. Concluding remarks. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 12:94-99.

Peterson, C.G., T.L. Dudley, K.D. Hoagland, and L.M. Johnson. 1993. Infection, growth, and community-level consequences of a diatom pathogen in a Sonoran Desert stream. Journal of Phycology 29:442-452.

1992

Grimm, N.B., and S.G. Fisher. 1992. Responses of arid land streams to changing climate. pp 211-233 in P. Firth and S.G. Fisher, editors. Climate Change and Freshwater Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Stanley, E.H. and H.M. Valett. 1992. Interaction between drying and the hyporheic zone of a desert stream ecosystem. pp 234-249 in P. Firth and S.G. Fisher, editors. Climate Change and Freshwater Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Boulton, A.J., E.H. Stanley, S.G. Fisher, and P.S. Lake. 1992. Oversummering strategies of macroinvertebrates in intermittent streams in Australia and Arizona. Pages 227-237 in R.D. Roberts and M.L. Bothwell, editors. Aquatic ecosystems in semiarid regions: implications for resource management. NHRI Symposium Series 7. Environment Canada, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Peterson, C.G., and N.B. Grimm. 1992. Temporal variation in enrichment effects during periphyton succession in a nitrogen-limited desert stream ecosystem. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 11:20-36.

Boulton, A.J., H.M. Valett, and S.G. Fisher. 1992. Spatial distribution and taxonomic composition of the hyporheos of several Sonoran Desert streams. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 125:37-61.

Stanley, E.H., and S.G. Fisher. 1992. Intermittency, disturbance, and stability in stream ecosystems. Pages 271-280 in R.D. Robarts and M.L. Bothwell, editors. Aquatic ecosystems in semiarid regions: implications for resource management. NHRI Symposium Series 7. Environment Canada, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Boulton, A.J., C.G. Peterson, N.B. Grimm, and S.G. Fisher. 1992. Stability of an aquatic macroinvertebrate community in a multi-year hydrologic disturbance regime. Ecology 73:2192-2207.

Valett, H.M., S.G. Fisher, N.B. Grimm, E.H. Stanley, and A.J. Boulton. 1992. Hyporheic-surface water exchange: implications for ecosystem structure and function. Pages 395-405 in J.A. Stanford and J.J. Simons, editors. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Groundwater Ecology. American Water Resources Association, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.

Carpenter, S.R., N.B. Grimm, S.G. Fisher, and J.R. Kitchell. 1992. Global climate change and freshwater ecosystems: lakes and streams. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23:119-139.

Wood, D.J., S.G. Fisher, and N.B. Grimm. 1992. Pools in desert streams: limnology and response to disturbance. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 26:171-179.

1991

Grimm, N.B., H.M. Valett, E.H. Stanley, and S.G. Fisher. 1991. Contribution of the hyporheic zone to stability of an arid-land stream. Internationale Vereiningung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, Verhandlungen. 24: 1595-1599.

Fisher, S.G., and N.B. Grimm. 1991. Streams and disturbance: are cross-ecosystem comparisons useful? pp 196-221 in J.C. Cole, G.M. Lovett, and S.E.G. Findlay, editors. Comparative analyses of ecosystems: patterns, mechanisms and theories. Springer-Verlag, New York, New York, U.S.A.

Boulton, A.J., S.E. Stibbe, N.B. Grimm, and S.G. Fisher. 1991. Invertebrate recolonization of small patches of defaunated hyporheic sediments in a Sonoran Desert stream. Freshwater Biology 26:267-277.

1990

Valett, H.M., S.G. Fisher and E.H. Stanley. 1990. Physical and chemical characteristics of the hyporheic zone of a Sonoran Desert stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 9:201-215.

Fisher, S.G. 1990. Recovery processes in lotic ecosystems: limits of successional theory. In J.D. Yount and G.J. Niemi, editors. Recovery of lotic communities and ecosystems following disturbance: theory and application. Environmental Management 14:725-736.

Stream Solute Workshop (N.B. Grimm with 18 others). 1990. Concepts and methodologies for studying solute dynamics in stream ecosystems. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 9:95-119.

1989

Grimm, N.B., and S.G. Fisher. 1989. Stability of periphyton and macroinvertebrates to disturbance by flash floods in a desert stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 8:293-307.

1988

Jackson, J.K. 1988. Diel emergence, swarming and longevity of selected adult aquatic insects from a Sonoran Desert stream. American Midland Naturalist 119:344-352.

Grimm, N.B. 1988. Feeding dynamics, nitrogen budgets, and ecosystem role of a desert stream omnivore, Agosia chrysogaster (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 21:143-152.

Fisher, S. G., and N. B. Grimm. 1988. Disturbance as a determinant of structure in a Sonoran Desert stream ecosystem. Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandt Limnologie, Verhandlungen 23:1183-1189.

Grimm, N. B. 1988. Role of macroinvertebrates in nitrogen dynamics of a desert stream. Ecology 69: 1884-1893.

1987

Grimm, N.B. 1987. Nitrogen dynamics during succession in a desert stream. Ecology 68:1157-1170.

Fisher, S.G. 1987. Succession, scale, and hypothesis testing in streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 44: 689.

1986

Grimm, N.B., and S.G. Fisher. 1986. Nitrogen limitation in a Sonoran Desert stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 5:2-15.

Grimm, N.B., and S.G. Fisher. 1986. Nitrogen limitation potential of Arizona streams and rivers. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 21:31-43.

Fisher, S.G. 1986. Structure and dynamics of desert streams. Pages 114-139. IN: W. Whitford (ed.). Pattern and Process in Desert Ecosystems. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

Jackson, J.K., and S.G. Fisher. 1986. Secondary production, emergence, and export of aquatic insects of a Sonoran Desert stream. Ecology 67:629-638.

1985

Fisher, S.G., and N.B. Grimm. 1985. Hydrologic and material budgets for a small Sonoran Desert watershed during three consecutive cloudburst floods. Journal of Arid Environments 9: 105-118.

1984

Grimm, N.B., and S.G. Fisher. 1984. Exchange between interstitial and surface water: Implications for stream metabolism and nutrient cycling. Hydrobiologia 111: 219-228.

1983

Fisher, S.G., and N.B. Grimm. 1983. Water quality and nutrient dynamics of Arizona streams. OWRT Project Completion Report A-106-ARIZ. Office of Water Research and Technology.

Grimm, N.B. 1992. Biogeochemistry of nitrogen in arid-land stream ecosystems. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 26:130-146.

1982

Fisher, S.G., L.J. Gray, N.B. Grimm, and D.E. Busch. 1982. Temporal succession in a desert stream following flash flooding. Ecological Monographs 52:93-110.

1981

Fisher, S.G., D.E. Busch, and N.B. Grimm. 1981. Diel feeding chronologies in two Sonoran Desert stream fishes, Agosia chrysogaster (Cyprinidae) and Pantosteus clarki (Catostomidae). Southwestern Naturalist 26:31-36.

Grimm, N.B., S.G. Fisher, and W.L. Minckley. 1981. Nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics in hot desert streams of Southwestern U.S.A. Hydrobiologia 83:303-312.